Audiologists work with people who have hearing, balance and related ear problems. They examine people of all ages to identify problems, assess the nature and extent of the problems, and help the individuals manage them. Audiologists use audiometers and other testing devices to measure the loudness at which a person begins to hear sounds, the ability to distinguish between sounds, and the impact of hearing loss on an individual’s daily life. They evaluate and diagnose balance disorders. Audiologists interpret test results and consider all medical, educational and psychological information to make a diagnosis and determine a course of treatment. Treatment for hearing disorders may include cleaning the ear canal, fitting and dispensing hearing aids, and fitting and programming cochlear implants. Audiologic treatment also includes counseling on adjusting to hearing loss, training on the use of hearing instruments, and teaching communication strategies for use in a variety of environments.
Some audiologists specialize in work with the elderly, children, or hearing-impaired individuals who need special treatment programs. Others develop and implement ways to protect workers’ hearing from on-the-job injuries. Audiologists may also conduct research on hearing and related disorders, or design and development equipment for treating these disorders.
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Tags: Audiology, Language, Speech